Soccer for Beginners

  • Referee
  • There is always only one referee on the field at one time in the game of soccer. Like other sports, the referee has much power in the game. They don’t only have the ability to punish a player for breaking the rules, but they can permanently remove a player from the game as well. When a referee removes a player from the game, it is known as ‘playing a man down.’ This will have great impact on the team who loses the player, as they will be one man down from standard team of eleven players.
  • The referee can also allow one team to be given a kick at a penalized team, if a foul occurs within the eighteen yard box. The kick has to be made at a goalkeeper from the penalty location and twelve years from the goal line center.
  • Players
  • No more than eleven and no less than seven soccer players may be on the field at a time.
  • Soccer Ball
  • There is no standardized soccer ball as they all come in different sizes. Younger and newer players to the game will usually be given a size 3, while adults in professional soccer will use an adult 5 size ball. Many athletes also prefer a size 4 as it offers a good compromise between the two other sizes. Soccer balls are made out of plastic and are very lightweight and waterproof, in comparison to the heavyweight, leather soccer balls that had been used historically.
  • Team Positions
  • There are four positions with eleven different players in professional soccer. Three substitutes will also sit on the bench during a game.
  • The first position is the goalkeeper, known by soccer fans as the ‘goalie.’ The goalkeeper is important as they are the only player on the soccer field who is allowed to use their hands, but only as long as they are within the eighteen yard box. They can use their entire body to prevent the ball from entering the goal at all costs. Since different rules apply to the goalkeeper, they will wear a different color of shirt from the rest of the team so that the referee can easily differentiate them from the rest of the team. In almost all cases, this shirt will be green.

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Fouls and Violations in Basketball

Here, we’ll discuss some of the fouls and violations of basketball.

  • Blocking is where there is illegal physical contact that prevents a player’s opponent’s drive to the basket.
  • Carrying is where a player dribbles a ball with their hand too far under the ball.
  • Charging is an offensive foul where one player pushes another player. The penalty for charging is for the ball to be given to the opposing team.
  • Double dribbling is where a player dribbles with both hands on the ball simultaneously.
  • A flagrant foul is violent contact between two players; examples include punching and kicking. This results in the free throws for the team of the player who was being delivered the foul.
  • A held ball is where two or more players on opposing teams gain possession of the ball at the same exact time. In the event of a held ball, one of the referees will halt the game, award the ball to one of the teams based on a rotating basis, and then resume play
  • A technical foul concerns the manners of the game rather than the physical aspect of it. Examples can include intense arguing between players, swearing, and obscene gestures. Technical fouls are unique in that they can be committed by the referees and not just by the players.
  • Time restrictions refers to how one player has only five seconds to pass a ball when the passing the ball inbounds. If the player fails to do so, the ball is given to the other team. A player can also not hold a ball for more than five seconds when being closely guarded.

Traveling is where a player takes more than one step without dribbling the ball.